python - pass by reference - How do I pass a variable by reference?

python pass object to function / python / reference / parameter-passing / pass-by-reference

The Python documentation seems unclear about whether parameters are passed by reference or value, and the following code produces the unchanged value 'Original'

class PassByReference:
    def __init__(self):
        self.variable = 'Original'

    def change(self, var):
        var = 'Changed'


Answer #1

So, when passing a list to a function/method, the list is assigned to the parameter name. Appending to the list will result in the list being modified. Reassigning the list inside the function will not change the original list, since:

a = [1, 2, 3]
b = a
b = ['a', 'b']
print a, b      # prints [1, 2, 3, 4] ['a', 'b']